200 Years, Anniversary Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)

haydnmania: the 2009 anniversary

Archive for surprise symphony

Haydn, the avantgardist

Not only Mozart, also the music publishers and organizers at Haydn’s lifetime knew immediately that there was a composer on completely new ways.
“Nobody can do almost everything as well as Haydn”, Mozart said. For Mozart Haydn was his great role model. (he dedicated 6 string-quartetts to Haydn, more)
Even the implementation of joke  and humor into the music, the evolution of the string quartet and the symphony composition characterized the genius of Haydn.
Generations had – and will have – fun with Haydn’s musically jokes, e.g. with the “Farewell-Symphony”.

nicknames for Haydn’s Symphonies

There are many notable work among Haydn’s Symphonies, and many have nicknames of which the following is a brief overview:

  • Symphony No.31 – “The Horn Signal”
  • Symphony No.45 – “The Farewell”
  • Symphonies No.82-87 – “The Paris Symphonies” commissioned by a Paris publishing house
  • Symphony No.82 – “The Bear” from the folk dance style of the last movement
  • Symphony No.83 – “The Hen” has a clucking theme in the first movement
  • Symphony No.85 – “The Queens” since it was enjoyed by Marie Antoinette
  • Symphony No.88 – this has no nickname but is an absolute delight, a perfect gem
  • Symphony No.92 – “The Oxford” for Oxford University
  • Symphonies No.93-104 – “The London Symphonies” composed in groups during Haydn’s visits to the city
  • Symphony No.94 – “The Surpise” is one of the best-known of Haydn’s symphonies and named for the surprisingly loud chord in the slow movement
  • Symphony No.100 – “The Military” features drums and other percussion
  • Symphony No.101 – “The Clock” for it’s ticking sound
  • Symphony No.103 – “The Drum Roll”
  • Symphony No.104 – “The London”

screaming ladies?…!

Haydn in London:

picture: George Prince of Wales was one of Haydn’s greatest admirers. He played the cello …

While composing his so-called “Surprise Symphony” (the 94th), Haydn relished the prospect of revealing the surprise: “That,” he explained, “will make the ladies scream!”

In German the 94th is more often referred to as the Symphony “mit dem Paukenschlag” (original) /  “with the kettledrum stroke” (engl. translation). It is the 2nd of the twelve so called London-Symphonies. The surprise was the sudden, unexpected loud chord theme…

“…it was my wish to surprise the public with something new…” Joesph Haydn

Oh Joe, sometimes I wished that some of your nowadays colleagues of you act in a similar way!!!