200 Years, Anniversary Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)

haydnmania: the 2009 anniversary

Archive for timeless

visiting Esterhàza Palace (Fertöd, Hungary)

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Whow, what an impressive ensemble: Esterháza Castle, at Fertöd, Hungary (google map) – just half an hour to go, from the Austria-Hungarian border at Sopron!
1767 Prince Nikolaus (later called “the Magnificent”) visited Versailles and became inspired to build this Castle – on a place that, at this time, was  “in the middle of nowhere”.
1768 also a Opera house was built there – the first performance was Haydn’s opera “Lo speciale”.

the 2 scultpures (here the model) of Haydn (left) and the Prince Esterházy (up on the balcony) will be built in bronce nest year.

the 2 scultptures (here the model) of Haydn (left) and the Prince Esterházy (up on the balcony) will be built in bronce next year.

The most famous and importend people of the aera have spent time here, e.g. Empress Maria Theresia loved to be a guest in Esterháza, ’cause “…if you want to listen to the best music you have to go to Esterháza…”.

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the male’s (prince’s) bedroom with the “secret” door:
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What I have to mention: all the people working in Esterháza were overwhelming friendly and gracious (special thanks to Erna and Tünde!), tried very patiently to answer all our questions and celebrated great hospitality. At least we spent more than 5 hours (!) there – and did not see yet the gigantic historic gardens!
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Prince Paul Anton still lives there, although the Esterháza Palace today belongs to the National Administration Departement of Historical Buildings.

Enjoy a visit there! And one of the exhibitions or one of the many concerts during the Haydn-anniversary-year!
On saturday, august 8, 2009 the opening event of an extraordinary exhibition of contemporary art starts at Esterháza Castle:
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Andreas Roseneder: “Haydn reloaded” – a modern painters view on the genius, his life and works and his surrounding. New paintings and objects as result of Roseneder’s artwork about Haydn.

link: www.mag.hu

happy birthday, Joe!

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one of the grimaces in the inner courtyard at Schloss Esterházy Haydn would have been admidst ….

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… that inspirated modern painter Andreas Roseneder (his language is also “understood throughout the world”) to his “mask”-series (2008, 2009), more

Today, on Joseph Haydn’s 277th birthday (born 31 march, 1732 in Rohrau) the “official” Burgenland starts with the celebration years program at Schloss Esterházy in Eisenstadt.
And there will be some things similar to Haydn’s conditions of employment during his 30 years at the court of the Esterházy’s, when he composed and played for the aristocrat familiy and their guests:
also today and tomorrow Nikolaus Harnoncourt and his Concentus Musicus (with an excellent Haydn-program!) will only be heard by a privileged scene of invited politicians, economic people, sponsors and – more or less – public characters of the “scene” – and journalists!

It’s a question of private imagination power to realize, how many percent of today’s listeners at the Haydn-Celebration-Year opening love music, especially Haydn’s music – or take just a seat in the famous Haydnsaal and try to show the own face in some jounalist’s camera for own promotion aims and commercial reasons ..
ugh…..
In the meantime a lot of Haydn-lovers celebrate their much-admired “Genius Loci” at their players by listening to the wonderful masterpieces of music that enhance their lifes since mor than 2 and a half centuries.
-and so will I!
Salute, Joe!

whow, that’s not just for listening …

Joseph Haydn: “Symphony in B-Major, Nr. 16”, Hob. 1:16
composed in the years 1760 to 1763, at a time when he tried a lot of new techniques  – and, at this time not usual  instrumentation.
(it was also the time 1760, when he married a wife who didn’t make him happy during their lifetime – so maybe, music was some kind of escaping too …?!)

What I personally like most is the solocello in the second movement, the “Adagio”. Listen to it, you’ll not regret!

the complete symphony:

1. movement: “Allegro” (get a premonition)

2. movement: “Andante Ma Non Troppo” (!!! my favorite)

3. movement: “Finale, Presto” (a kick to regain your momentum)

Haydn, the avantgardist

Not only Mozart, also the music publishers and organizers at Haydn’s lifetime knew immediately that there was a composer on completely new ways.
“Nobody can do almost everything as well as Haydn”, Mozart said. For Mozart Haydn was his great role model. (he dedicated 6 string-quartetts to Haydn, more)
Even the implementation of joke  and humor into the music, the evolution of the string quartet and the symphony composition characterized the genius of Haydn.
Generations had – and will have – fun with Haydn’s musically jokes, e.g. with the “Farewell-Symphony”.

nicknames for Haydn’s Symphonies

There are many notable work among Haydn’s Symphonies, and many have nicknames of which the following is a brief overview:

  • Symphony No.31 – “The Horn Signal”
  • Symphony No.45 – “The Farewell”
  • Symphonies No.82-87 – “The Paris Symphonies” commissioned by a Paris publishing house
  • Symphony No.82 – “The Bear” from the folk dance style of the last movement
  • Symphony No.83 – “The Hen” has a clucking theme in the first movement
  • Symphony No.85 – “The Queens” since it was enjoyed by Marie Antoinette
  • Symphony No.88 – this has no nickname but is an absolute delight, a perfect gem
  • Symphony No.92 – “The Oxford” for Oxford University
  • Symphonies No.93-104 – “The London Symphonies” composed in groups during Haydn’s visits to the city
  • Symphony No.94 – “The Surpise” is one of the best-known of Haydn’s symphonies and named for the surprisingly loud chord in the slow movement
  • Symphony No.100 – “The Military” features drums and other percussion
  • Symphony No.101 – “The Clock” for it’s ticking sound
  • Symphony No.103 – “The Drum Roll”
  • Symphony No.104 – “The London”

“First Viennese School”: the 3 G’s

The three great classical composers, Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, are commonly referred to as the First Viennese School. They never really worked together as a group, though especially Mozart and Haydn knew each other well, and have most certainly influenced each other. For example, Mozart dedicated some string quartets to Haydn, because he valued Haydn’s string quartets so much.

The 6 string quartets (“the Haydn-Quartetts”) Mozart dedicated to Haydn (composed between 1782 – 1785), influenced by Haydn’s “russian quartets”:
string quartet G-Dur KV 387 (1782) – 1st Haydn-Quartet
string quartet d-moll KV 421 (1783) – 2nd Haydn-Quartet
string quartet Es-dur KV 428 (1783) – 3rd Haydn-Quartet
string quartet “Jagd-Quartett” (=”hunting quartet”) B-dur KV 458 (1783) – 4th Haydn-Quartet
string quartet A-dur KV 464 (1785) – 5th Haydn-Quartet
string quartet C- Dur “Dissonanzen-Quartett” KV 465 (1783) – 6th Haydn-Quartet

In general they valued each other very much as composers, and as persons. For Beethoven, who was the “youngest” of the three, the other two were his big examples.

j.h. – young and gifted



Picture: Schloss Harrach, Rohrau, Austria:
1794, during Haydns lifetime, Count Harrach exhibited the first statue made of
Haydn in the park on the castle grounds in Rohrau – where Haydn spent his first five years.

Joseph Haydn about his father and his first encounters with music:
“My late father was a wheelwright by profession and a subject of Count Harrach (from nature a great connoisseur of music). Without reading a note of music he played the harp, and when I was a boy of five I could (sing) repeat all the tunes he played…”

All text taken from: Chapter 1. “Childhood” in the book:

“Joseph Haydn, Great Austrian Composer” incl. Audio-CD – recorded at Schloss Esterházy in Eisenstadt (at Haydnsaal & Empiresaal) with the famous Ensembles “Joseph-Haydn-Streichquartett”, the “Joseph Haydn-Brass”, the “Schloss-Trio Eisenstadt” and the “Esterházy-Ensemble”.

The book is available in 4 languages: german, english, chinese and japanese language!
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