200 Years, Anniversary Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)

haydnmania: the 2009 anniversary

Archive for Mozart

Haydn, the avantgardist

Not only Mozart, also the music publishers and organizers at Haydn’s lifetime knew immediately that there was a composer on completely new ways.
“Nobody can do almost everything as well as Haydn”, Mozart said. For Mozart Haydn was his great role model. (he dedicated 6 string-quartetts to Haydn, more)
Even the implementation of joke  and humor into the music, the evolution of the string quartet and the symphony composition characterized the genius of Haydn.
Generations had – and will have – fun with Haydn’s musically jokes, e.g. with the “Farewell-Symphony”.


Guardian’s author Stephen Moss on his “Haydn-Tripp”

An interesting story about his tripp to discover Haydn and “Haydn-Land” wrote Stephen Moss on january 1st 2009 for the “Guardian”.
An article about the “exclusivity” of Haydn – in comparison to Mozart and Beethoven.

– read the article here

– have a look on his pictures here

“First Viennese School”: the 3 G’s

The three great classical composers, Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, are commonly referred to as the First Viennese School. They never really worked together as a group, though especially Mozart and Haydn knew each other well, and have most certainly influenced each other. For example, Mozart dedicated some string quartets to Haydn, because he valued Haydn’s string quartets so much.

The 6 string quartets (“the Haydn-Quartetts”) Mozart dedicated to Haydn (composed between 1782 – 1785), influenced by Haydn’s “russian quartets”:
string quartet G-Dur KV 387 (1782) – 1st Haydn-Quartet
string quartet d-moll KV 421 (1783) – 2nd Haydn-Quartet
string quartet Es-dur KV 428 (1783) – 3rd Haydn-Quartet
string quartet “Jagd-Quartett” (=”hunting quartet”) B-dur KV 458 (1783) – 4th Haydn-Quartet
string quartet A-dur KV 464 (1785) – 5th Haydn-Quartet
string quartet C- Dur “Dissonanzen-Quartett” KV 465 (1783) – 6th Haydn-Quartet

In general they valued each other very much as composers, and as persons. For Beethoven, who was the “youngest” of the three, the other two were his big examples.

the answer to “poll #1: who said this?”

√ Joseph Haydn !
was the correct answer!

The story behind:

First, after having been granted an extended leave of absence from service at the Esterházy court, and having moved to Vienna at the end of 1790, at the age of 58 Joseph Haydn found himself in the position of a musician free to do as he pleased at the beginning of a possibliy long-planned personal career where he would earn his own way. The violonist Johann Peter Salomon invited him to do a concert series in England and Haydn seized the oppotunity at once. [ from the book “Joseph Haydn. Great Austrian Composer”]

Johann Peter Salomon (1745 – 1815),
painted by Thomas Hardy, London 1792
(picture from wikimedia commons)

For 5000 guilders, Haydn agreed to compose 27 pieces for London concert manager Johann Peter Salomon and to have them performed in concerts, conducting them himself. When Mozart expressed reservations that Haydn did not even speak English, he said:
“Meine Sprache verstehet die ganze Welt!” (original)
“My language is understood throughout the world!”(translation)
Looking back, Haydn often said the years in England (1791 – 1792, 1794 – 1795) were the happiest of his life. During those years Haydn reached the zenith of his fame.

a beloved person – a great composer


picture: Haydn Monument, built 1887 in front of the Michaeler Church, in the middle of one of Vienna’s most famous shopping streets, the “Mariahilferstrasse”, from the sculptor Heinrich Natter – financed by Haydn-fans

To Mozart he was a fatherly friend, Beethoven was his most famous student. Joseph Haydn was a very beloved person, esteemed by his contemporaries, diligent, humorous, affable, and a straight shooter who was not spoiled by his steep climb from humble conditions into the highest social circles. In Vienna’s Haydn Park, a memorial plaque with the inscription “I will not die completely” can be found, a tribute to Haydn’s life and works.